Referee Test

Welcome to the Referee Test!

This online Referee Test is Phase I of the USAPA Referee Training/Certification program. It tests your knowledge of the USAPA/IFP Official Tournament Rulebook and the USAPA officiating best practice procedures contained in the Referee Handbook and Line Judge Guide. It is recommended that you study these training materials prior to taking the test. As a prerequisite for the Referee Certification program, you must achieve a passing score of 90% or better on this test.

The test consists of 75 questions with a 60-minute time limit. The 75 questions are drawn from a pool of 135+ questions. The questions are shuffled at the beginning of each test, so no two tests are exactly the same. In addition, new questions are frequently added.

Pick a time to take the quiz when you can complete all the questions without interruption because the test will automatically close after 60 minutes. The test will also close when you click the "Submit" button at the end of the test, so answer all questions before submitting.

Upon completion, your score will be displayed along with your answers and the correct answer for each question you answered incorrectly. You will also receive a follow-up email showing your test score.

Good luck!


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1. In the referee's pre-match briefing with the players, the referee will inspect paddles. Specific items to check include:
2. The receiver stops play before returning the ball and claims you have called the score incorrectly. You look at your scoresheet and confirm that the score you called was correct. What do you do?
3. After a rally has ended, the referee notices that a player deliberately steps on a ball and crushes it. A technical warning should be issued to the player.
4. A player leaps above and across the corner of the non-volley zone to get closer to the net, and strikes a smashing volley return while in the air.
5. A player standing behind the non-volley zone line stretches low to return the ball before it bounces. After starting her swing, her paddle scrapes the NVZ court surface just before making contact with the ball. This is a fault because the paddle touched the non-volley zone during the swing.
6. A player may stay inside the non-volley zone to return balls that bounce.
7. At the start of a match, the serving team shall choose a ball. To prevent possible injuries or potential hinder or fault issues, the referee should remove all other balls from the playing area.
8. The net posts are positioned out of bounds. If a ball strikes the net post, it is a fault and a dead ball is declared. This rule does not include the net, the net cable, or rope between the net posts.
9. The 2nd bounce for a wheelchair player can be outside the court boundaries.
10. Once the game has begun, except during time-outs, any communication between a player and any person not on the court, if determined by the referee to be coaching, shall result in a technical warning to the offending player or team and a verbal warning to spectators. If the communication occurs a second time, it shall result in a technical foul and a point will be awarded to the opponent.
11. A player using objectionable or demeaning language directed at another person shall incur a technical warning or a technical foul, depending upon its severity. Once a technical warning has been issued, the second offense will result in a technical foul.
12. The referee should not call an incorrect server, incorrect position, or incorrect receiver fault, until after the ball is struck.
13. If a player asks whether she is in the correct position, the referee should:
14. Once a selection has been made, a player may not change their choice of serve, receive, side or to defer.
15. The 10-second rule only applies to the server. The ball must be served within 10 seconds after the score is called by the referee.
16. A hinder called by the referee, or a valid hinder called by a player, will result in a dead ball and a replay.
17. If a player or team is out of time-outs and the referee determines that an equipment change or adjustment is necessary for fair and safe continuation of the match, the referee may:
18. A ball is hit at an angle, bounces in the court, and travels beyond the sidelines. The receiver manages to return the ball, hitting a low shot (below net level) around and outside the post, into the opponent’s court.
19. The opponent gets the benefit of the doubt on line calls.
20. A player is hitting a two-handed stroke (where both hands are in contact with the paddle) when his right hand is hit by the ball below the wrist. The ball is still in play.
21. The serve must be made with a stroke so that contact with the ball is made below waist level and the arm must be moving in an upward arc and the paddle head shall be below the wrist when it strikes the ball.
22. In a match with a referee, the referee and/or player(s) may call a service "let". If the referee determines that a service let, called by a player, did not occur, a fault will be called against the offending player.
23. Team 1 calls a time-out. Both teams lay their paddles on the court and proceed to their water bottles. After 20 seconds have elapsed, team 1 tells you they are ready to resume play. What should you do?
24. At the end of a time-out, the referee cannot call the score until both teams are in position and ready to begin play.
25. A receiver who attempts to return the serve shall be considered to have been ready, whether or not contact with the ball was made.
26. Line judge "Out" calls should be promptly signaled by voice and hand signals, regardless of how obvious they may seem.
27. A player must have possession of the paddle when it makes contact with the ball.
28. When a cracked ball is suspected during a rally, play stops immediately.
29. Team A hits a deep ball to Team Z. After the ball bounces, player Z1 calls "Out". Immediately after the "Out" call by player Z1, player Z2 yells "It's in" and hits the ball back to Team A. Team A catches the ball thinking the play was dead when Z1 yelled "Out". Choose the correct answer(s).
30. A team calls a time-out and lays their paddles on the court and walk toward their water bottles. You glance at the scoresheet and confirm that they have no time-outs remaining (you had advised them of that earlier). What should you do?
31. A serve landing on any service court line, except the non-volley zone line, should be considered in play and must be returned by the receiving team.
32. The event-provided starting server form of identification must be worn:
33. A point made from an incorrect service position or an incorrect server will not be retained, until the next serve has occurred.
34. In non-officiated sanctioned play, a player may officially call service motion foot faults and non-volley zone faults on the opponents. These are the only fault calls a player may enforce on the opponents.
35. A player may step on the non-volley zone line or enter the non-volley zone at any time except when that player is in the act of volleying the ball. There is no violation if your partner is standing in the non-volley zone. A player may enter the non-volley zone before or after returning a ball that bounced.
36. A player may step on the non-volley line or enter the non-volley zone at any time when that player is in the act of volleying the ball.
37. A medical time-out can last up to how long?
38. Before calling the score in doubles, the referee must wait for the receiver or the receiver's partner to be ready.
39. If a player is accidentally injured during a match, what should the referee do?
40. After a side switch, when the 60 second time limit has expired, the referee should:
41. A wheelchair server, from a stationary position, is allowed one push before striking the ball.
42. Player 1 volleys a ball from just behind the non-volley zone line. During the follow through, their paddle strikes their partner’s shoulder, causing the partner to fall into the non-volley zone. This is a fault.
43. If a served ball touches the net and then hits the receiver's partner, who is clearly standing outside of receiver's service area, what is the call?
44. During the serve, when the ball is struck, the server's feet shall not touch the area outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the center divide line, or touch the court, including the baseline.
45. When the referee calls the score, the 10-second count begins. If the server asks if they are the correct server, the referee should recall the score and begin a new 10-second count.
46. When the serving team's score is odd and the team's starting server is serving, he/she will be serving from the right/even service court.
47. During a rally, Player 1 hits a high lob that bounces in the opponent's non-volley zone (NVZ). After bouncing in the NVZ, the ball rebounds upward and strikes the horizontal bar on the temporary net system and interferes with the player's ability to make a play on the ball. The referee should call a "let" and proceed with a replay.
48. It is a fault if a player deliberately carries the ball on their paddle.
49. After the score has been called, the referee may use a subtle hand motion to indicate each second of the 10-second count.
50. A hinder is any element or occurrence that affects play, such as a stray ball that enters the court or people who disrupt play by walking across the court or playing area.
51. In non-officiated, sanctioned play, players may call:
52. Appeals to the referee regarding judgment calls (e.g., double bounce, double hits) will be decided by the referee. The referee may consult line judges or players to decide the outcome of the appeal.
53. You are refereeing a match when it appears a player may have twisted her ankle. She asks for a medical time-out. You should:
54. The receiver's partner may stand anywhere on or off their team's side of the court.
55. During the serve, at the moment of ball contact, the server is allowed to step on the imaginary extension line of the sideline, or the imaginary extension line of the centerline, as long as they are not touching an area "outside" or "beyond" the imaginary extension lines.
56. When an incorrect server or player position is discovered after a rally, the offending team cannot be faulted after the service motion starts.
57. The serve is a let and will be replayed if:
58. The ball sails past the receiving team and neither player saw the ball land, so they are unable to make the call. They may appeal to the referee for a ruling without first making a call.
59. A player uses her second and final time-out in a game to 15, and she is serving when play resumes. While serving she hits herself on the forehead with her paddle and begins bleeding. When the rally is over, she asks for a medical time-out.  What should the referee do?
60. If a player requests a medical time-out, they will be allowed no more than 10 minutes for the medical time-out. If the player cannot resume play after the 10-minute medical time-out period, the match shall be awarded to the opponents.
61. The referee calls the wrong score. The server serves the ball and the receiver interrupts play by catching the ball and notifying the referee that the wrong score was called.
62. It is a fault if a ball in play strikes a player, or anything the player is wearing or carrying, except for the paddle or paddle hand below the wrist.
63. If a line judge makes a line call, the referee may immediately overrule the call without an appeal from any player.
64. A fault will be declared if the referee has called the score and the server has started their service motion if:
65. A technical warning will always result in a loss of rally or point.
66. A 2nd technical warning for any offense equates to a technical foul. A point shall be awarded to the non-offending player or team.
67. If the referee calls the wrong score:
68. You (the referee) notice the server is in the wrong position, but has not yet served. You should:
69. A player wishing to signify an appeal during a rally may do so by raising her paddle or non paddle hand above her head.
70. How much time is allowed to switch sides during a game?
71. The referee shall issue a technical warning if a player makes a threat, of any nature, to any person.
72. A wheelchair player may volley a ball in the non-volley zone if the smaller, front wheels are touching the non-volley zone.
73. When net systems have a horizontal bar that may include a center base:
74. A called technical warning shall not result in a loss of rally or point awarded and shall be accompanied by a brief explanation of the reason for the warning. A called technical warning shall have no effect on service change or side out.
75. In a high-profile singles gold medal match, the referee determines the receiver should be ready and calls the score to begin the 10-second count. The server asks the referee to repeat the score, which she does. The referee continues counting. The server fails to serve before the 10 seconds expires. What is the call?

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