Referee Test

Welcome to the Referee Test!

This 2020 online Referee Test is Phase I of the USAPA Referee Training/Certification program. It tests your knowledge of the USAPA/IFP Official Tournament Rulebook and the USAPA officiating best practice procedures contained in the Referee Handbook and Line Judge Guide. It is recommended that you study these training materials prior to taking the test. As a prerequisite for the Referee Certification program, you must achieve a passing score of 90% or better on this test.

The test consists of 75 questions with a 60-minute time limit. The 75 questions are drawn from a pool of 140+ questions. The questions are shuffled at the beginning of each test, so no two tests are exactly the same. In addition, new questions are frequently added.

Pick a time to take the quiz when you can complete all the questions without interruption because the test will automatically close after 60 minutes. The test will also close when you click the "Submit" button at the end of the test, so answer all questions before submitting.

Upon completion, your score will be displayed along with your answers and the correct answer for each question you answered incorrectly. You will also receive a follow-up email showing your test score.

Note: If a test question has a "NEW in 2020" notation, this refers to either a new rule being added, or that an existing rule was revised

Good luck!


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1. (#75)
You (the referee) notice the server is in the wrong position, but has not yet served. You should:
2. (#116)
In a sanctioned tournament, refusal to wear the provided starting server form of identification will result in a:
3. (#14)
When time-out is called the referee should:
4. (#28)
When a player intentionally throws her paddle and hits or injures any person, a technical foul will immediately be given to the offender.
5. (#67)
A player twists his ankle in game 1 of a best-of-three-games match and takes a medical time-out. He is ready to play after eight minutes, and play resumes. Later, in game three of the same match, he scrapes his knee and requests a second medical time-out. What should the referee do?
6. (#126)
When doubles partners disagree on a line call,  (one calls the ball "out" and the other calls the ball 'in") either player may appeal to the referee for a ruling. The appeal to the referee can be made AFTER both players have made their line calls.
7. (#46) (NEW in 2020)
Even if all players in a match agree and request to remove a referee, the Tournament Director retains final discretionary authority on whether to remove the referee.
8. (#135)
The referee should not call an incorrect server, incorrect position, or incorrect receiver fault, until after the ball is struck by the offending player.
9. (122) (NEW in 2020)
After the score has been called, the server steps from the right court to the left court to serve the ball. The receiver raises their paddle giving a Not Ready signal and asks the referee to wait so they can reposition correctly. What should the referee do?
10. (#49)
In a high-profile singles gold medal match, the referee determines the receiver should be ready and calls the score to begin the 10-second count. The server asks the referee to repeat the score, which she does. The referee continues counting. The server fails to serve before the 10 seconds expires. What is the call?
11. (#99) (NEW in 2020)
After a ball bounces in a players court, if the ball hits the horizontal bar on a temporary net system, a replay shall be called.
12. (#37)
In the referee's pre-match briefing with the players, the referee will inspect paddles. Specific items to check include:
13. (#56)
A player's shoe comes off during a rally. At end of the rally, the player hurries to put their shoe back on while the partner and the opponents wait patiently. The player should be required to use a time-out.
14. (#34)
A player standing outside the non-volley zone (NVZ) volleys the ball, but begins to lose her balance. To prevent stepping into the NVZ, she jumps over the corner and into the out of bounds area, then touches a net post (which is also out of bounds) while the ball is still in play.
15. (#98)
After a end switch, when the 60 second time limit has expired, the referee should:
16. (#125)
The moment the ball is struck to be served, the server is allowed to step on the imaginary extension line of the sideline, or the imaginary extension line of the centerline, as long as they are not touching an area "outside" or "beyond" the imaginary extension lines.
17. (#65) (NEW in 2020)
Hitting the ball into the player's side of the net without the ball crossing over to the opponent's side is a fault. The fault is declared the moment the ball hits the ground.
18. (#123)
Player A volleys a ball that hits the top of the net and then falls over and hits the horizontal bar. Just before the ball hits the horizontal bar, the opponent, Player Z, crosses the plane of the net. The referee should call a fault on Player Z since the crossing of the plane occurred before the ball hit the horizontal bar.
19. (#95)
Midway through game 2, the partners swing their paddles at the ball at the same time and one player's finger gets hit by his partner's paddle and is injured. After a fifteen-minute medical time-out, the player still isn't able to grip his paddle and can't continue to play. The match will be forfeited and awarded to the opponent(s).
20. (#84)
A technical warning will always result in a loss of rally or point.
21. (#12) (NEW in 2020)
At the time the ball is struck, the server's feet may not touch the court or outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the centerline and both feet must be on the playing surface or ground behind the baseline.
22. (#42)
The correct receiver is the only player who may return a served ball. If the incorrect receiver returns the ball, it is a point for the serving team.
23. (#70)
A ball hit around the post strikes you (the referee) in the leg. Since it appears that it would have landed in bounds, what is the call?
24. (#20)
A team may use one or both of its time-outs to delay the start of a match until the absent partner arrives.
25. (#76)
A hinder is any element or occurrence that affects play, such as a stray ball that enters the court or people who disrupt play by walking across the court or playing area.
26. (#137)
When a player/team receives their first technical warning, it shall not result in a loss of rally or point awarded and shall be accompanied by a brief explanation of the reason for the warning. Also, the called technical warning shall have no effect on service change or side out.
27. (#113)
A fault will be declared if the referee has called the score and the server has started their service motion if:
28. (#132)
Which of the following is true about a distraction during play.
29. (#40) (NEW in 2020)
It is a fault if any player on the serving team asks if they are in the correct position before the start of the service motion.
30. (#36) (NEW in 2020)
A team may change the starting server between games. If no notification is given to the referee before the next game starts, a fault will declared when the offending player serves or receives.  After the fault has been applied, the offending team will decide which player will be the starting server and notify the referee.
31. (#134)
When a rally is over, a player may appeal an opponent's line call to the referee until what point in time?
32. (#108)
The referee shall issue a technical warning if a player makes a threat, of any nature, to any person.
33. (#18) (NEW in 2020)
Any malfunction of a net system during play shall be considered a hinder.
34. (#55)
Line judge responsibilities include, but are not limited to:
35. (#64)
When should you give players a 15-second notice before you call the score and apply the 10-second rule?
36. (#35)
A ball is hit at an angle, bounces in the court, and travels beyond the sidelines. The receiver manages to return the ball, hitting a low shot (below net level) around and outside the post into the opponent’s court.
37. (#109)
If a player has been issued a technical foul for intentionally throwing their paddle, a subsequent technical warning issued for profanity will result in a match forfeiture.
38. (#139)
In a match with a referee and no line judges, if a team makes a line call, the referee cannot overrule the call without an appeal?
39. (#94) (NEW in 2020)
Tournament Director hydration breaks were removed in 2020; although the referee may quickly allow players to hydrate as long as the flow of the game is not adversely impacted.
40. (#89)
Each team is allowed 3 time-outs in a game to 21
41. (#6) (NEW in 2020)
#1) In a match without line judges, if the players, or referee upon appeal, are not able to make a line call, the ball is considered "in".
#2) In a match with line judges, if the officiating team cannot make a line call, a replay shall be called unless all players agree that the ball was "out".
42. (#50) (NEW in 2020)
The definition of "Live Ball/In Play" is - The point in time when the referee starts to call the score.
43. (#33) (NEW in 2020)
A player is allowed to reach under the net to play a ball that has bounced back over the net. Which of the following are true?
44. (#61)
How much time is allowed to switch ends during a game?
45. (#22)
The net posts are positioned out of bounds. If a ball strikes the net post, it is a fault and a dead ball is declared. This rule does not include the net, the net cable, or rope between the net posts.
46. (#44) (NEW in 2020)
The term First Server refers to a doubles player who will serve from the right court after a side out dependent upon the team's score. 
The term Starting Server is the doubles player designated to serve first at the start of the game. The Starting Server shall wear the visible form of identification.
47. (#69)
Technical fouls can be awarded in between games of a match.
48. (#133)
The words "continuous, single-direction stroke" apply to:
49. (#52) (NEW in 2020)
After the score is called, if the serving team changes service courts causing the receiving team to be out of position, the receiving team shall be allowed time to reposition. A new score shall be called and a new 10-second count will begin.
50. (#100)
During a rally, Player A hits a high lob that bounces in the opponent's non-volley zone (NVZ). After bouncing in the NVZ, the ball rebounds upward and strikes the horizontal bar on the temporary net system and interferes with the player's ability to make a play on the ball. The referee should call a "let" and proceed with a replay.
51. (#104)
In a match with a referee, the referee and/or player(s) may call a service "let". If the referee determines that a service let, called by a player, did not occur, a fault will be called against the offending player.
52. (#32)
Appeals to the referee regarding judgment calls (e.g., double bounce, double hits) will be decided by the referee. The referee may consult line judges or players to decide the outcome of the appeal.
53. (#115)
When a time-out has been called, a referee should NOT request players to place their paddles of the ground. This is considered coaching.
54. (#9)
If a served ball hits the net and lands on the non-volley zone line, it is considered a "Let" and a replay will be called.
55. (#105)
When a side switch occurs, the referee is permitted to remind players that no coaching is allowed.
56. (#74) (NEW in 2020)
After the start of the score being called, a "Not Ready" signals will be ignored. This means a player showing a Not Ready signal after the score has started to be called,  will neither be honored nor punished.
57. (#30) (NEW in 2020)
After a rally has concluded, if a player/team appeals to the referee that the opponents committed a distraction, the possible distraction must also have contributed to the loss of the rally, in the judgement of the referee.
58. (#7)
A player using objectionable or demeaning language directed at another person shall incur a technical warning or a technical foul, depending upon its severity. Once a technical warning has been issued, the second offense will result in a technical foul.
59. (#1)
If a served ball touches the net and then hits the receiver's partner, who is clearly standing outside of receiver's service area, what is the call?
60. (#119)
A 2nd technical warning for any offense equates to a technical foul. A point shall be awarded to the non-offending player or team.
61. (#59) (NEW in 2020)
Players are responsible for line calls on their side of the net. If the opponents hit a ball close to a line, the player or team that is supposed to make the line call may appeal to the referee without making a call. Once they appeal to the referee, they lose the right to make any subsequent "in" or "out" call for that rally.
62. (#138) (NEW in 2020)
In a match with a referee, after a rally has completed, a player notices that the ball is cracked and steps on it and crushes it. What should the referee do if they saw this happen?
63. (#124)
At the start of a match, the serving team shall choose a ball. To prevent possible injuries or potential hinder or fault issues, the referee should remove all other balls from the playing area.
64. (#16) (NEW in 2020)
In a match with line judges, if the officiating team cannot make a line call, the rally shall be replayed unless all the players agree that the ball was "in".
65. (#128)
During the serve, the player must release the ball before paddle contact.
66. (#131)
A wheelchair server, from a stationary position, is allowed one push before striking the ball.
67. (#48)
The act of volleying the ball includes the swing, the follow-through, and the momentum from the action. If the paddle touches the non-volley zone during the swing, it is a fault regardless of whether the touch occurred before or after contacting the ball.
68. (#90)
A player leaps above and across the corner of the non-volley zone to get closer to the net, and strikes a smashing volley return while in the air.
69. (#21)
Any ball that cannot be called "out" must be presumed to be "in."
70. (#101) (NEW in 2020)
After game 1, Team B receives a technical foul and a point is awarded to Team A. At the start of game 2, the starting server for Team A would begin serving the game from the left/odd court with a starting score of "1-0-2"
71. (#38)
A player mutters a curse word (heard by opponents) when they commit an unforced error. The referee should: (Choose the best answer)
72. (#102)
It is a fault if a player deliberately carries the ball on their paddle.
73. (#96) (NEW in 2020)
Technical warnings and technical fouls may be assessed any time during a match while the players are at the court.
74. (#83)
Line judge "Out" calls should be promptly signaled by voice and hand signals, regardless of how obvious they may seem.
75. (#60)
The ball sails past the receiving team and neither player saw the ball land, so they are unable to make the call. They may appeal to the referee for a ruling without first making a call.

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