Referee Test

Welcome to the Referee Test!

This online Referee Test is Phase I of the USAPA Referee Training/Certification program. It tests your knowledge of the USAPA/IFP Official Tournament Rulebook and the USAPA officiating best practice procedures contained in the Referee Handbook and Line Judge Guide. It is recommended that you study these training materials prior to taking the test. As a prerequisite for the Referee Certification program, you must achieve a passing score of 90% or better on this test.

The test consists of 75 questions with a 60-minute time limit. The 75 questions are drawn from a pool of 140+ questions. The questions are shuffled at the beginning of each test, so no two tests are exactly the same. In addition, new questions are frequently added.

Pick a time to take the quiz when you can complete all the questions without interruption because the test will automatically close after 60 minutes. The test will also close when you click the "Submit" button at the end of the test, so answer all questions before submitting.

Upon completion, your score will be displayed along with your answers and the correct answer for each question you answered incorrectly. You will also receive a follow-up email showing your test score.

Good luck!


First Name
Last Name
Email Address
Contact Phone
USAPA Member Number
1. (#2)
The event-provided starting server form of identification must be worn:
2. (#17)
Once the game has begun, except during time-outs, any communication between a player and any person not on the court, if determined by the referee to be coaching, shall result in a technical warning to the offending player or team and a verbal warning to spectators. If the communication occurs a second time, it shall result in a technical foul and a point will be awarded to the opponent.
3. (#20)
If a served ball hits the net and strikes the receiver or the receiver's partner before hitting the court surface, it shall be considered a let.
4. (#117)
If a referee overrules a line judge call, a replay will always be issued.
5. (#3)
Before calling the score in doubles, the referee must wait for the receiver or the receiver's partner to be ready.
6. (#114)
After a rally has ended, the referee notices that a player deliberately steps on a ball and crushes it. A technical warning should be issued to the player.
7. (#128)
During the serve, the player must release the ball before paddle contact.
8. (#77)
A player may step on the non-volley zone line or enter the non-volley zone at any time except when that player is in the act of volleying the ball. There is no violation if your partner is standing in the non-volley zone. A player may enter the non-volley zone before or after returning a ball that bounced.
9. (#69)
If a referee issues a technical foul, 1 point shall be added to the non-offender’s score. A called technical foul shall have no effect on service change or side out. If a point is awarded, the player or team awarded the point must change positions on their own to reflect the score after the awarding of the point.
10. (#137)
When a player/team receives their first technical warning, it shall not result in a loss of rally or point awarded and shall be accompanied by a brief explanation of the reason for the warning. Also, the called technical warning shall have no effect on service change or side out.
11. (#97)
If you fail to recognize an incorrect server or receiver, following the rally, if the line judge brings it to your attention, what should you do?
12. (#50)
A receiver who attempts to return the serve shall be considered to have been ready, whether or not contact with the ball was made.
13. (#102)
It is a fault if a player deliberately carries the ball on their paddle.
14. (#95)
Midway through game 2, the partners swing their paddles at the ball at the same time and one player's finger gets hit by his partner's paddle and is injured. After a fifteen-minute medical time-out, the player still isn't able to grip his paddle and can't continue to play. The match will be forfeited.
15. (#13)
If, while the ball is in the air, a player yells "out," "no," "bounce it," or any other word to communicate to their partner that the ball may be out, it shall be considered a line call and play shall stop.
16. (#52)
At the end of a time-out, the referee cannot call the score until both teams are in position and ready to begin play.
17. (#31)
The referee is responsible for all decisions related to procedural and judgment calls during the match. If the players make the line calls and there is a disputed line call, the players may request that the referee determine the line call. If the referee cannot make the line call, the player's call stands.
18. (#33)
The serve is a let and will be replayed if:
19. (#43)
If anything a player is wearing or carrying lands on the court, it becomes part of the court. Therefore:
20. (#53)
You call the score and the server serves. The ball lands cleanly in the service court, but the receiver catches it and questions the score you called. You look at the scoresheet and realize the receiver is correct -- you called an incorrect score. The server argues that their team should be awarded a point because the receiver failed to return the ball. What do you do?

The 10-second rule only applies to the server. The ball must be served within 10 seconds after the score is called by the referee.

22. (#90)
A player leaps above and across the corner of the non-volley zone to get closer to the net, and strikes a smashing volley return while in the air.
23. (#83)
Line judge "Out" calls should be promptly signaled by voice and hand signals, regardless of how obvious they may seem.
24. (#141)
A player hits a sharp cross-court shot that bounces in the opponent's non-volley zone. The ball then travels beyond the court and hits a net post leg (a permanent object) before the opponents can make a play on the ball. Which statement is true?
25. (#133)
The words "continuous, single-direction stroke" apply to:
26. (#103)
It is a fault if any player asks the referee to confirm the score after the score has been called and the server has started their service motion. (The referee called the score correctly)
27. (#49)
In a high-profile singles gold medal match, the referee determines the receiver should be ready and calls the score to begin the 10-second count. The server asks the referee to repeat the score, which she does. The referee continues counting. The server fails to serve before the 10 seconds expires. What is the call?
28. (#81)
A player may stay inside the non-volley zone to return balls that bounce.
29. (#27)
A player must have possession of the paddle when it makes contact with the ball.
30. (#138)
The Service Motion begins when the player's arm moves to initiate the swing backward or forward to contact the ball.
31. (#75)
You (the referee) notice the server is in the wrong position, but has not yet served. You should:
32. (#139)
When an incorrect server or player position is discovered after a rally, the offending team cannot be faulted after the service motion starts.
33. (#18)
When the serving team's score is odd and the team's starting server is serving, he/she will be serving from the right/even service court.
34. (#89)
Each team is allowed 3 time-outs in a game to 21
35. (#85)
As an aid to maintaining awareness of which team is serving, the clipboard should be held so the "clip" (clamp) end of the board is pointing toward the serving team when the score is recorded.
36. (#93)
You are refereeing a match when it appears a player may have twisted her ankle. She asks for a medical time-out. You should:
37. (#72)
The team that wins the first choice of side, serve or receive, may defer the choice to the opponents.
38. (#4)
A serve landing on any service court line, except the non-volley zone line, should be considered in play and must be returned by the receiving team.
39. (#109)
If a player has been issued a technical foul for intentionally throwing their paddle, a subsequent technical warning issued for profanity will result in a match forfeiture.
40. (#136)
The serve is defined as: hitting the ball to start the rally.
41. (#28)
When a player intentionally throws her paddle and hits or injures any person, a technical warning will be given to the offender.
42. (#12)
The serve must be made with a stroke so that contact with the ball is made below waist level and the arm must be moving in an upward arc and the paddle head shall be below the wrist when it strikes the ball.
43. (#19)
During the serve, when the ball is struck, the server's feet shall not touch the area outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the center divide line, or touch the court, including the baseline.
44. (#38)
A player mutters a curse word (heard by opponents) when they commit an unforced error. The referee should: (Choose the best answer)
45. (#108)
The referee shall issue a technical warning if a player makes a threat, of any nature, to any person.
46. (#126)
When doubles partners disagree on a line call,  (one calls the ball "out" and the other calls the ball 'in") either player may appeal to the referee for a ruling. The appeal to the referee can be made AFTER both players have made their line calls.
47. (#98)
After a side switch, when the 60 second time limit has expired, the referee should:
48. (#44)
A ball bounces into the non-volley zone with enough backspin to cause it to return back over the net. After the ball has crossed back over the plane of the net, a player may:
49. (#62)
If a player is accidentally injured during a match, what should the referee do?
50. (#56)
A player's shoe comes off during a rally. At end of the rally, the player hurries to put their shoe back on while the partner and the opponents wait patiently. The player should be required to use a time-out.
51. (#105)
When a side switch occurs, the referee is permitted to remind players that no coaching is allowed.
52. (#6)
When a cracked ball is suspected during a rally, play stops immediately.
53. (#39)
An "Out" call is made by a player, but the partner disagrees. The referee should:
54. (#24)
A referee may impose a forfeit when a player fails to report to play 5 minutes after the match has been called to play.
55. (#70)
A ball hit around the post strikes you (the referee) in the leg. Since it appears that it would have landed in bounds, what is the call?
56. (#88)
Balls can be unintentionally hit twice, (double hits)  but this must be during a continuous, single-direction stroke. If the stroke is not continuous, not single-direction, or if it is a definite second push, the hit is illegal.
57. (#127)
Team A hits a deep ball to Team Z. After the ball bounces, player Z1 calls "Out". Immediately after the "Out" call by Z1, player Z2 yells "It's in" and hits the ball back to Team A. Team A returns the ball and keeps the rally going.
Which of the following are true?
58. (#42)
The correct receiver is the only player who may return a served ball. If the incorrect receiver returns the ball, it is a point for the serving team.
59. (#54)
The receiving team is stacking. The receiver appears ready (and is not showing any of the Not Ready signals) so you call the score. The server serves just as the receiver's partner walks in front of the receiver (heading for his intended "stack" position), essentially blocking the receiver's view. The receiver fails to return serve and argues that it should be a "let" since the receiver's view was blocked. What is the call?
60. (#92)
If a player asks whether she is in the correct position, the referee should:
61. (#112)
After the score has been called, the referee may use a subtle hand motion to indicate each second of the 10-second count.
62. (#51)
A team may use one or both of its time-outs to delay the start of a match until the absent partner arrives.
63. (#125)
During the serve, at the moment of ball contact, the server is allowed to step on the imaginary extension line of the sideline, or the imaginary extension line of the centerline, as long as they are not touching an area "outside" or "beyond" the imaginary extension lines.
64. (#113)
A fault will be declared if the referee has called the score and the server has started their service motion if:
65. (#119)
A 2nd technical warning for any offense equates to a technical foul. A point shall be awarded to the non-offending player or team.
66. (#14)
When time-out is called the referee should:
67. (#64)
When should you give players a 15-second notice before you call the score and apply the 10-second rule?
68. (#110)
If a line judge shows the "blocked" signal, the referee may automatically rule on the line call without waiting for an appeal, as long as the referee clearly saw the ball "In" or "Out'.
69. (#118)
A referee may be removed from a match if:
70. (#8)
There is no fault if the server misses the ball while trying to hit it.
71. (#63)
On a temporary net system, except on the serve, if the ball goes over the net and hits the horizontal bar, (before or after bouncing on the court) it is a let and shall be replayed.
72. (#35)
A ball is hit at an angle, bounces in the court, and travels beyond the sidelines. The receiver manages to return the ball, hitting a low shot (below net level) around and outside the post, into the opponent’s court.
73. (#1)
If a served ball touches the net and then hits the receiver's partner, who is clearly standing outside of receiver's service area, what is the call?
74. (#76)
A hinder is any element or occurrence that affects play, such as a stray ball that enters the court or people who disrupt play by walking across the court or playing area.
75. (#84)
A technical warning will always result in a loss of rally or point.

You have come to the end of the Referee Test. If you would like to return to any questions to review your answers, please use the “Previous” buttons at the bottom of each page. If you are ready to submit the test, please click the “Submit” button below.

USAPA Sponsors