Player Test

Welcome to the Player Test!

This 2020 50-question rules test is designed as a fun exercise for players who mainly participate in non-officiated play. Although the rules are the same for recreational and tournament play, when there is no referee to enforce the rules that job falls on the players and rests with their ability to self-enforce.

So, if you want to test your knowledge of the IFP/USAPA rules, give this test a try. A reference to the related section in the IFP/USAPA Rules is included at the end of each question, but don’t spoil your fun. Complete the test and see which questions you miss before referring to the rulebook.

Pick a time when you can complete the entire test without interruption because the test will automatically close after 50 minutes. Each question is scored after you select an answer. The test will close when you click the “Submit” button at the end of the test, so answer all questions before submitting the test.

You can take the test as often as you like, so study up and take it again if you desire. Each time you will receive a follow-up email containing your test score so you can track your improvement. Before long you’ll be scoring 100%. To challenge yourself even more, try the Referee Test.

Have fun and good luck!

Note: If a test question has a "NEW in 2020" notation, this refers to either a new rule being added, or that an existing rule was revised

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1. (#31) (NEW in 2020)
Any malfunction of a net system during play shall be considered a hinder. [Rule 11.L.5.d.]
2. (#44)
When your right-handed partner serves from the left service court, he stands very near the court center line. His feet are within the proper service area, but when his paddle contacts the ball, the paddle is slightly across the imaginary extension of the center line and above the playing surface of the right-hand court. Your opponents protest that this is not allowed. Your opponent is incorrect. The server's motion and stance are allowed. [Rule 4.A.3.]
3. (#66) (NEW in 2020)
Hydration breaks are now permitted by the referee. The referee will quickly allow players to hydrate as long as the flow of the game is not adversely impacted. [Rule 10.C.]
4. (#3) (NEW in 2020)
A ball in play that contacts a permanent object after it has bounced on the court will result in a dead ball and the player who hit the ball shall win the rally. [Rule 8.E.]
5. (#52) (NEW in 2020)
After the score is called, if the serving team changes service courts causing the receiving team to be out of position, the receiving team shall be allowed time to reposition. A new score shall be called and a new 10-second count will begin. [Rule 4.E.3.]
6. (#56)
A fault shall be declared if a player, or anything the player is wearing or carrying, crosses the plane of the net, or the extended plane of the net, before striking the ball. [Rule 11.I] If a ball has bounced and crosses back over the plane of the net, then a player may cross the plane of the net without first contacting the ball.  [Rule 11.I.1]
7. (#58) (NEW in 2020)
Hitting the ball into the player's side of the net without the ball crossing over to the opponent's side is a fault. The fault is declared the moment the ball hits the ground.[Rule 7.B.]
8. (#2)
A serve landing on any correct service court line, except the non-volley zone line, is considered in play and should be returned by the receiving team. [Rule 6.A.]
9. (#34) (NEW in 2020)
A ball can be hit twice but only during an unintentional, continuous, single-direction stroke, by one player. If the stroke is not continuous, not single-direction, or the ball is struck by a second player, it is a fault. [Rule 11.A.]
10. (#18)  (NEW in 2020)
The net posts (including connected wheels, net post legs, arms, or other support construction) are positioned out of bounds. If a ball strikes the net post it is a fault and a dead ball is declared. This does not include the net, the net cable, or rope between the net posts. [Rules 11.K. & 11.K.1.]
11. (#45)
Your opponent hits a shot low over the net. You are positioned just behind the non-volley zone (NVZ) line and stretch to return the ball before it bounces. In the process your paddle scrapes the NVZ court surface just before you volley the ball. This is a non-volley zone fault because your paddle touched the non-volley zone during the act of volleying swing. [Rule 9.B.]
12. (#5) (NEW in 2020)
New for 2020, there is no fault if the server misses the ball when trying to hit it.
13. (#16)
A ball that cannot be called "out" will be considered "in". [Rule 6.D.3.]
14. (#15) (NEW in 2020)
The Service Motion is defined as "The movement of the server's arm to serve the ball. The service motion may consist of a forward swing only or be a combination backswing and continuing forward swing. [Rule 3.A.38.]
15. (#65)
In a match with a referee, after a time-out has expired and the referee calls the score, the server must serve within 10 seconds, even if the receiver is not ready or not positioned in the receiving court. [Rule 10.A.5]
16. (#11)
Which of the following will be declared a fault when you volley a ball and you teeter (or "windmill") just outside the non-volley zone? [Rule 9.C.]
17. (#14) (NEW in 2020)
At the time the ball is struck, the server's feet may not touch the court or outside the imaginary extension of the sideline or the centerline and both feet must be on the playing surface or ground behind the baseline. [Rule 4.A.3.]
18. (#69) (NEW in 2020)
After a ball bounces in a players court, if the ball hits the horizontal bar on a temporary net system, a replay shall be called. [Rule 11.L.5.b.]
19. (#8)
You may step on the non-volley zone line or enter the non-volley zone at any time except during the act of volleying the ball. [Rule 9.E.]
20. (#60) (NEW in 2020)
Players wishing to give Not Ready signals shall use one of the following: 1)Raise their paddle above their head, 2) Raise their non-paddle hand above their head and 3), , ,? [Rule 4.C.1]
21. (#64)
Any player on the receiving team may call a time-out after the score has been called, but, the time-out must be called before the service motion has started. [Rule 10.A.3]
22. (#7)
A hinder is any element or occurrence that affects play, such as a stray ball that enters the court or people who disrupt play by walking across the court. Any player may call a hinder. [Rule 3.A.16.]
23. (#13)
When your team has an odd score number, your team’s starting server (the player wearing the visible form of identification) should serve from the right-hand court when they are serving.  [Rule 4.B.6.b.]
24. (#43)
Your opponent hits a powerful overhead to the sideline. You suspect that it might have been “out,” but you’re not certain. What are your options? [Rule 6.D.3. & 6.D.6.]
25. (#17)
It is not a fault on you if, during a rally, the ball grazes your hat on its way heading out of bounds. [Rule 7.H.]
26. (#32)
The act of volleying the ball includes the swing, the follow-through and the momentum from the action. [Rule 9.B.1.]
27. (#72) (NEW in 2020)
Players may appeal to the referee after the service motion starts to determine if a ball is broken or cracked so it can be replaced. [Rule 11.E]
28. (#20)
When an incorrect server or player position is discovered after a rally, the offending team can be faulted until the next serve occurs. Once the next serve occurs, any previous points scored by the incorrect server, or incorrect server position, will stand. [Rule 4.B.11.]
29. (#39)
During an extended exchange of crosscourt dinks, your opponent suddenly steps in the non-volley zone and then onto the adjacent out-of-bounds area so he can get closer to the net to smash a volley return. Is this legal? [Rule 9.D.]
30. (#22)
"Out" line calls should be promptly signaled by voice and may include a hand signal, regardless of how obvious they may seem. [Rule 6.D.10.]
31. (#23)
When making a close line call, you always give your opponent the benefit of the doubt. [Rule 6.D.3.]
32. (#26)
You legally volley the ball, then begin to lose your balance. To avoid stepping into the non-volley zone (NVZ), you jump up and over the corner and into the out-of-bounds area adjacent to the NVZ. While the ball is still in play, your momentum then carries you into the net post, which is also out of bounds. [Rule 7.F.]
33. (#71) (NEW in 2020)
The referee may call a referee time-out to address extenuating circumstances that may require an extended interruption of play. [Rule 10.H.2]
34. (#63)
In games to 21, each team is allowed 3 time-outs. [Rule 10.A]
35. (#41) (NEW in 2020)
A team may change the starting server between games. If no notification is given to the referee before the next game starts, a fault will declared when the offending player serves or receives.  After the fault has been applied, the offending team will decide which player will be the starting server and notify the referee. [Rule 5.A.3.].
36. (#25)  (NEW in 2020)
In a match with line judges, if the officiating team cannot make a line call, the rally shall be replayed unless all the players agree that the ball was "in". [Rule 13.D.3.c.]
37. (#21)
You must have possession of the paddle when it makes contact with the ball. [Rule 11.P.]
38. (#68) (NEW in 2020)
Technical warnings and technical fouls may be assessed any time during a match while the players are at the court. [Rule 13.G.3.f.]
39. (#9) (NEW in 2020)
To be considered legal, a serve must be made so that contact with the ball is not made above waist level (the navel), the arm must be moving in an upward arc and the paddle head must not be higher than the server's wrist when it strikes the ball. [Rule 4.A.5., 4.A.6. & 4.A.7.]
40. (#59) (NEW in 2020)
After the start of the score being called, a "Not Ready" signals will be ignored. This means a player showing a Not Ready signal after the score has started to be called will neither be honored nor punished. [Rule 4.B.5.b]
41. (#42) (NEW in 2020)
It is a fault if any player on the serving team asks if they are in the correct position before the start of the service motion. [Rule 4.B.8.]
42. (#30)
If anything a player is wearing or carrying lands on the court, it becomes part of the court. Therefore: [Rule 11.H. and 11.I.]
43. (#53) (NEW in 2020)
At the start of each game, the starting server begins the serve from the side of the court dictated by the score. [Rule 4.B.2.]
44. (#27)
If you are in the process of changing hands with both hands contacting the paddle, or you are attempting a two-handed stroke, and either hand is hit below the wrist by the ball, the ball is considered to still be in play. [Rule 7.H.]
45. (#51)
The server is allowed 2 lets in a row; the third will be considered a fault. [Rule 4.O.]
46. (#37) (NEW in 2020)
If you ask your opponent's opinion about whether a ball was “in” or “out,” you must accept their opinion. Once you ask for the opponent's opinion, you lose any right to make a subsequent "in" or "out" call for that rally. [Rule 6.D.6.]
47. (#33)
If your paddle touches the non-volley zone during a volley swing, it is a fault regardless of whether the touch occurred before or after contacting the ball. [Rule 9.B.2.]
48. (#55) (NEW in 2020)
Players are responsible for line calls on their side of the net. If the opponents hit a ball close to a line, the player or team that is supposed to make the line call may appeal to the referee without making a call. Once they appeal to the referee, they lose the right to make any subsequent "in" or "out" call for that rally.  (6.D.3.)
49. (#62)
If a technical foul has been issued, a subsequent technical warning, for any reason, will result in a match forfeiture. [Rule 13.H.1.b]
50. (#38) (NEW in 2020)
After a rally has concluded, if a player/team appeals to the referee that the opponents committed a distraction, the possible distraction must also have contributed to the loss of the rally, in the judgement of the referee.  [Rule 11.J.]

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